西风带海洋环境观测技术研究
Research on Westerlies Environmental Observation Technology
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  南大洋  西风带  海洋观测  浮标
英文关键词:Southern Ocean  Westerlies  Ocean Observation  Buoy
基金项目:
作者单位
冯月永 国家海洋技术中心天津 300112 
周达 国家海洋技术中心天津 300112 
周文清 国家海洋技术中心天津 300112 
邬海强 国家海洋技术中心天津 300112 
康建军 国家海洋技术中心天津 300112 
李虎林 国家海洋技术中心天津 300112 
张倩 国家海洋技术中心天津 300112 
张建涛 国家海洋技术中心天津 300112 
张晓旭 国家海洋技术中心天津 300112 
李林奇 国家海洋技术中心天津 300112 
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中文摘要:
      南大洋海况常年较恶劣,导致现场观测资料匮乏。中国首套南大洋西风带环境观测浮标于2019年1月1日布放在新西兰东南南纬近53度海域,现场实时观测并传输风向、风速、气温、气压、相对湿度、海表层温盐、海流、波浪等数据资料。该套锚定浮标也是我国首次布放超过4500米水深的极端环境观测浮标系统。布放运行结果表明,我国已具备研发极端环境海洋资料浮标的技术基础和深海浮标布放作业经验,研发的西风带环境观测浮标可长期运行在南大洋西风带海域,进行长期海上水文气象和动力环境参数观测。
英文摘要:
      The harsh ocean environment of Southern Ocean leads to the lack of in situ observation data. China's first Westerlies Environmental Observation Buoy was deployed on Jan 1,2019 near -53S, southeast of New Zealand, to measure wind speed, wind direction, air temperature, pressure, humidity, sea surface temperature and salinity, current,wave, etc.in situ and transmit observation data. It is the first extreme environments observation buoy in China deployed in water up to 4500m depth. The result shows that China already has technological base for the development of data buoys for extreme environments and has experience in the deployment of deep-sea buoys. The Westerlies Environmental Observation Buoy developed by China could measure hydrometeorological and dynamic parameters for long term unattended operation in Southern Ocean.
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