基于北斗通信的海洋多要素观测系统设计
Design of Marine Multi-element Observation System Based On Beidou Communication
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  海洋多要素观测  北斗通信  表面漂流浮标  数据采集
英文关键词:marine multi-element observation  Beidou communication  surface drifting buoy  data acquisition
基金项目:
作者单位
张 茜 国家海洋技术中心天津 300112 
张少永 国家海洋技术中心天津 300112 
高 超 国家海洋技术中心天津 300112 
吕九红 国家海洋技术中心天津 300112 
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中文摘要:
      以低功耗、多参数、安全可靠为设计目标,提出一种基于北斗卫星通信的海洋多要素观测系统设计。设计以嵌入式微控制器STM32F103RET6为核心,实现以漂流浮标为载体的海洋环境噪声测量,同时实现对海洋气温、气压、风速、风向及表层海温的多要素观测;以可充电锂电池组和太阳能电池板组成方式供电,同时进行必要的电源管理,有效提高漂流浮标的工作寿命;采用我国自主知识产权的北斗系统进行定位及双向通信,安全性高。实验表明,基于北斗通信的海洋多要素观测系统具有可行性,满足低功耗、多参数、安全可靠的设计要求,为以表面漂流浮标为载体的海洋多要素数据采集控制提供新的硬件设计方法。
英文摘要:
      With the design goal of low power consumption, multi-parameter measurement, safety and reliability, a design of marine multi-element observation system based on Beidou satellite communication is proposed. Designed with embedded microcontroller STM32F103RET6 as the core, it realizes marine environmental noise measurement with drifting buoy as carrier, and realizes multi-element observation of ocean temperature, air pressure, wind speed, wind direction and surface sea temperature. Power supply is composed with rechargeable lithium battery pack and solar energy. And the necessary power management is carried out at the same time to effectively improve the working life of the drifting buoy. The Beidou system with independent intellectual property rights in China is used for positioning and two-way communication, witch is higher safety. Experiments show that the marine multi-element observation system based on Beidou communication is feasible, meeting the requirements of low power consumption, multi-parameter measurement, safe and reliable design. The design provides a new hardware design method for marine multi-parameter data acquisition control with surface drifting buoy as carrier.
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