基于卫星图像的北极浮冰大小分布特征分析
Analysis on the Floe Size Distribution in the Arctic Based on Satellite Images
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  卫星图像  限制增长法  浮冰大小  楚科奇海  波弗特海
英文关键词:satellite images  restricted growing method  floe size  Chukchi Sea  Beaufort Sea
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作者单位
王玉,史文奇,马玉贤,陈伟斌 国家海洋环境监测中心 
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中文摘要:
      随着全球气候增暖,海冰厚度逐渐变小,海冰面积逐渐减小,开阔海域的面积越来越大,北极地区海冰也越来越容易受到海浪的侵袭导致浮冰发生破碎,加速海冰融化。因此在全球气候变暖的环境下,分析浮冰大小分布特征,对于研究北极海区的动量和热量收支有着重要意义,同时有助于改进现有的海冰模型。本文基于三种不同空间分辨率的卫星图像,利用限制增长法分析了2014年夏秋季转化季节波弗特海和楚克奇海的浮冰大小分布特征,所用的卫星图像包括Medea图像,RADARSAT-2图像以及Landsat8图像,三种图像的空间分辨率分别为1m,15m和100m。不同的空间分辨率为研究浮冰大小总体分布特征提供了一个广泛的数据基础,能够更充分的研究不同尺寸的浮冰大小分布。采用的限制增长法,能够自动识别并提取出浮冰,最终得到浮冰大小分布特征满足幂律分布形式,幂指数的范围在0.8~1.91之间,较大的浮冰对应的幂指数也相应较大,且随着远离海冰边界的距离,幂指数有增大的趋势。处于在夏秋转换季节,部分浮冰开始发生冻结,小尺度浮冰数量逐渐减少。
英文摘要:
      With intensifying global warming, mankind is witnessing the reduction of sea ice and the increase in open waters. The floe in the Arctic is becoming more susceptible to the effects of great waves and apt to fall apart. Under the process of global warming, it is significant for understanding the balance of the momentum and the heat to study the floe size distributions. The restricted growing method is adopted on three different resolutions of the satellite images to study the floe size distributions during 2014 summer-fall transition in the Chukchi and Beaufort Seas. The satellite images include the Medea, RADARSAT-2 and Landsat8 images with the resolutions of 1 m, 15 m and 100 m, respectively. The range of floe sizes with different resolutions provides theoverall distribution across a wide range of ice properties. The restricted method is used to extract the floes automatically to get the floe size distribution following the power-law function distribution with the exponent varying from 0.8 to 1.91. The larger floes correspond the larger exponent which has the tendency of increase with increasing distances from the ice edge location. During the summer-fall transitions, the floes are frozen together to make the smaller floes gradually decrease.
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